Diabetic Nephropathy

Diabetic Nephropathy

Nephropathy is the declension of the kidney function. Diabetic nephropathy also called diabetic kidney disease often occurs over time in people with diabetes. People with diabetes and kidney disease unitedly do worse overall than people with the kidney disease alone. 

Causes of Diabetic Nephropathy

Exact cause of diabetic nephropathy is unknown but some of the factors may include –

  • High blood sugar levels
  • Genetic factors – family history of diabetes and kidney disease
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Obesity
  • Smoking

Symptoms of Diabetic Nephropathy

Symptoms doesn’t show up in the early stage of diabetic nephropathy. As the kidney functions deteriorate, symptoms may include -:

– poor appetite

– swelling of the hands and feet

– trouble sleeping

– nausea

– weight loss

– lethargy

– frequent urination

Different Stages of Diabetic Nephropathy

*Stage -1: In this stage patient having normal GFR, no symptoms

*Stage -2: Kidney damage with mild decrease in GFR
no specific symptoms

*Stage -3: In this stage, GFR decreases
 Symptoms -*Severe loss of protein and calcium
* Shortness of breath
* Puffiness and water retention
* Back pain

*Stage -4: Severe reduction in GFR
stage 3 symptoms more acute now.

*Stage -5: At this stage, GFR less than 15, physician advice for dialysis or kidney transplant .Some severe symptoms like blood in urine, acute breathlessness and swelling occur


  • High levels of albumin in the urine
  • Low glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
  • High albumin creatinine ratio

Some important factors to prevent Diabetic Nephropathy

* Keep blood pressure in a normal range
* Keep blood sugar under control
*Avoid high sugar foods

* Limit protein intake, too much protein intake will     increase the kidney burden and aggravate the kidney damage
* Avoid high potassium foods such as oranges and banana
* Limit the salt intake, because too much salt intake will  aggravate hypertension
* Exercise regularly
* Avoid smoking & alcohol  

Maintain a healthy weight
* Set a dietary plan and follow it
* Consume less salt less meat and less saturated fats.

Ayurvedic Management

Herbs that help in management of diabetic nephropathy include –

  • punarnava
  • gokshura
  • varun
  • pashanbheda
  • bhumi amla
  • nagarmotha
  • kasni
  • pitpapda
  • giloy

These herbs help in restoring normal renal functions by reducing creatinine and blood urea levels and prevent further renal complications.

  • Herbal Capsules  AZ-Nephro Quantity – 90 (1-1-1)
  • Herbal capsules Reno Heal Quantity – 60 (1-1-1)
  • Herbal tablets Nephro Plus Quantity – 60 (1-1-1)
  • Herbal capsules Alpha Care Quantity – 60 (1-1-1)
  • Herbal tea Reno Care Quantity 150 gm* 2 packs